Having as many as six climatic regions in one country implies the existence of a great number of ecosystems which will ensure that your visit is always a surprise. From the 3 billion cubic meters of water a year of the northern Amazon, to the five-month dry season to the south of the rainforest. Due to its vastness, at 5 degrees of latitude north and 34 south, it is a country of contrasts, although we must not forget that the majority of the country is in a tropical zone (the equator crosses the mouth of the Amazon River), in which the climate varies considerably from north to south and east to west.
Thus, Brazil has an equatorial climate, a tropical climate, a semi-arid climate, a highlands topical climate, a temperate climate and a subtropical climate. However, there are few places where the seasons differ between themselves. The climate ranges from the aridity of the inland areas to the tropical climate of the Amazon and the regions of the east coast. The variations in humidity and rainfall are associated with the altitude of the zones and their proximity to the sea. Furthermore, the seasons are the opposite to those of Europe or the United States, apart from in the north of the country. The summer, from December to February, is more humid and hot than the winter, between April and October (when temperatures rest between 13 and 18 ºC).
The most humid zone of the country is the Amazon, with temperatures reaching 50 ºC during the hottest hours and months, and variations throughout the day from 10 to 34 ºC. Another important factor is the rainfall, with an average of between 2,000mm and 3,000mm per year and a relative humidity level of easily 90%.
But the rainy season is linked to the region in which you are located: from January to April in the north, from April to July in the north-east and from November to March in Rio and São Paolo.
The temperatures in cities such as Bello Horizonte and Brasilia range from 15 to 30 ºC. On the other hand, in Rio de Janeiro, Recife and Salvador da Bahia, they range from 23 to 27 degrees. But that doesn’t mean the whole country is hot all the time, as to the south of São Paolo, for example, the subtropical zone and more temperate zone begins, where the winter temperatures can drop below zero and it can even snow.
Bear in mind that… Visitors are best-advised to take note of the forecast before beginning their trip, in order to avoid surprises.
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